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316                                           IKBIAK YICISSirrDES.
commemorates sorne later repairs in 1849 ; Sri Nandismr men Clifiajju zamin-
dlr M pelti mm son 1155 sal, mah Ihcdra sudi men, Sri Pdvan wa kuwj paki
lhayiy memdr 3foMn Ldl7 CJtet Rdm. Both these inscriptions are noticeable,
since, in spite of their modem dare, they preserve the old and now entirely
obsolete name both of the village, Xandisvar (i.e., Mahadeva) instead of ISTanda,
and also of the lake, Pa van, úthe purifying/ instead of Pan, fto drink' Near
the village is akadamb grove, called Udho ji ka kyar, and} according to poptdar
belief, there are within the limits of Xand-ganw no less than fifty-six sacred
lakes or hinds; though it is admitted that in this degenerate age all of them
are not readily visible* In every instance the name is commemorative of
Krishna and Ms friends and their pastoral occupations.
Like Barsana and so many other of the holy places, Eand-ganw is part of
the estate of the representatives of the Lala Babii, who, in 1811 A.D., acquired
Ifc for a merely nominal consideration from the then zamindars. One reason
for their readiness to part with it is prohahly to he fonnd in the fact, which has
only recently come to my knowledge, that their title "was a very questionable
one. For the Pnjaris of the temple have in their possession a sanad dated the
30th year of Alam Shah giving the whole of the village to their predecessors
Paramananct and BamMshan and their heirs in perpetuity.
If the few squalid "buildings which at present disfigure the square at the
loot of the Mil were removed, and replaced hy a well, or temple, or other pub-
lic edifice, and the line of shops completed on the other side, an exceedingly
picturesque effect might be secured at a comparatively small cost. But it is
needless to expect any local improvements from the absentee landlords, while
the inhabitants are too impoverished to have a thought for anything beyond
their daily bread.
The above sketch of two comparatively unimportant places affords a good
iflnskatbn of a curious transitional period in Indian history. After a cheo
quered existence of five hundred, years, there expired with Aurangzeb all the
Titai energy of ike Mntammadan empire. The English power, its fated suc-
cessor, was yet unconscious of its destiny and all reluctant to advance any
claim to the Tacant throne. Every petty chieftain^ as for example Bharat-pnr,
scorniiig the narrow limits of Ms ancestral domains, pressed forward to grasp
tbe gltfceiiag prize, and spared no outlay in the attempt to enlist in his ser-
Tice tile sblest men of any nationality, either like Samml to lead his armies in
Hie field, or like Brnp R&m to direct Ms counsels in the cabinet. Thus men,